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Medicinal Uses of Aamla (Emblica Officinalis) – A Review

Dr. Farhan Akhtar, Dr. Abdul Ban, Dr. Mohd. Aslani, Dr. Azhar M. U.

Aamla is regarded as an important and sacred tree of Indian Hindu mythology. Aamla is one of the important medicinal plants which is now extensively used in clinical medicine.

The therapeutic use of plants in different diseases is a practice since ancient period. Most of the medicines are directly or indirectly derived from plant source. Aamla is one of the important medicinal plants which is now extensively used in clinical medicine, belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae.

Temperament (Mizaj)

The temperament (Mizaj) of the drug is Cold 1 Dry 2 (Barid 1 Yabis2).

History of the Drug

Aamla commonly known as Indian gooseberr" is indigenous to India. It has been used as a valuable ingredient in various medicines in India and the East from the time immemorial.

Ayurveda physicians have Sanskrit synonyms for this fruit that mean the "sustainer" the fruit where the goddess of prosperity resides.

Aamla is regarded as an important and sacred tree of Indian Hindu mythology. The tree is worshiped as mother earth and is believed to nature humankind because the fruit are very nourishing. Kartik Mahatma and Vrakamundi ordered the worship of this tree. The fruit and flowers are also used in worship in Himachal Pradesh. The tree is worshipped in Kartik as propitious and chaste.

The fruit was used successfully in the treatment of human scurvy in Hissar famine of 1939-40.

Description of the Plant

Emblica officinalis is a small genus of tree, native of India, Ceylon, Malaya, and china. In India its wild or cultivated throughout tropical area from the foot of Himalayan up to an altitude of 1000 meter. The Deccan, the sea coast districts and Kashmir the tree is common in the mixed deciduous forest of India ascending up to an altitude of 4500 ft. on the hills and is often cultivated in gardens and home yards.

A type bearing comparative lager fruit than the wild plant is known in cultivation.
It’s a small or medium-sized deciduous tree with smooth, greenish, grey, exfoliating bark branch let 10-20 cm. Long feathery with small narrowly oblong, pinnately arranged leaflets that small like lemon. Flowers are green shy-yellow, small, unisexual or pale green.

The fruit is green when tender changing to light. Yellow or brick red color when mature.

Its depressed globose ½ -inch in diameter, fleshy and obscurely 6-lobed, containing six trigonous seeds. The seeds are hard, angular and brown in color. Efficient is usually propagated vegetatively by budding, cutting and marching. The plant is sensitive to frost and drought. The tree coppices well and pollards moderately well. (Toppices shoots. In particular. Grow vigorously. Flowers usually appear in the hot season and fruit ripen during the following winner, in some parts of Madras flowering is observed in July and also in February.

Parts Used

Dried fruit, Ripe fruit, Seed, Leaves, Root, Bark and Flowers.

Pharmacological Action

Fruits: Laxative, stornach ache, carminative, diuretic, tonic, cooling, Green fruit is exceedingly acid.
Dried fruit is sour and astringent

Bark : It is astringent.

Flowers : Flowers are cooling and apparent.

Phylum bin in fruit pulp potentate the action of adrenaline In vivo and In vitro. Extract of fruit is antibacterial and antiviral.

Except these Emblica Officinalis is digestive, laxative, gastric acidity regulator, spermatogenic, erythrogenic, expectorant, antiinflammatory, restorative, tonic, aphrodisiac, nervine, tonic, and homeostatic.

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