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Osteoarthritis

Dr. Charminder Kaur

Osteoarthritis degenerative arthritis, degenerative joint disease is a chronic joint disorder characterized by degeneration of joint cartilage and adjacent bone that can cause joint pain and stiffness. The most common of all joint disorders, affects men and women in equal ratio.

Osteoarthritis degenerative arthritis, degenerative joint disease is a chronic joint disorder characterized by degeneration of joint cartilage and adjacent bone that can cause joint pain and stiffness.

The most common of all joint disorders, affects men and women in equal ratio.

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, especially among older people in the age group beyond 55. Healthy cartilage allows bones to glide over one another. In osteoarthritis cartilage breaks down and wears away. As a result, the bones rub together, causing pain, swelling, and stiffness, and also limit the range of motion in affected joints.

Ayurveda describes osteoarthritis as Sandhi vata. Increased vata hosts in joints causing pain, inflammation and swelling. The patient is unable to move the joint and suffers from severe stiffness.

Vatapurnamatisparsh: shoth: sandhigateanile I
Prasaarnakunchanyo: pravritish swedna II
(C.C 18/39)

Causes According to Ayurveda

Osteoarthritis is caused by the imbalance of Vata Dosha in the body.
Vata is vitiated due to-
  • Consumption of dry, cold and too spicy food.
  • Exposure to severe cold/ dry weather
  • Suppression of natural urges (adharniya vega)
  • Other causes are-
  • Degeneration of the cartilages due to ageing
  • Injury to the joint
  • Obesity

Causes According to Modern Sciences

Osteoarthritis is considered to be a natural result of the aging process. Nearly everyone over the age of sixty shows some signs of the disease. Age, excess weight, general wear and tear, and a lifetime of inadequate diet and exercise are the chief causes of osteoarthritis. Additional causes include skeletal defects, genetic factors, and hormonal deficiencies
  • Heredity
  • Hormonal and s*x factors
  • Severe or recurrent joint injury from heavy physical activity
  • Excessive mobility/joint instability
  • Skeletal postural defects
  • Age-related changes in collagen matrix repair mechanisms.
  • Excess overweight-excessive body weight and high body mass index are significant predictors of osteoarthritis of the knee.
  • Fractures and mechanical damage
  • Cold climate and atmospheric pressure changes
  • Inflammation.
  • Nutrient deficiency: calcium, magnesium, manganese, protein, essential fatty acids
  • Inflammatory joint disease

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