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Revisiting the Age-Old Concepts on 'Acid-Peptic-Disorders'

Dr. Vijay Singh Chauhan, Dr. Naresh Khemani

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(2)Indian Name: Shatavari
English Name: Wild Asperagus
Botanical Name: Asparagus racemosus
Part Used: Roots and leaves.

Phytochemistry: Saponins are present in all species of Asparagus. In a comparative study, various members belonging to this plant species, including A. racemosus, have been investigated for the presence of alkaloids, proteins, starch and tannin. Chemically, the variants from the southern part of India differed from the ones obtained from northern India, in having the A4 fraction of the Asparagus glycosides. This fraction was absent in the North Indian species. Mucilage is also present in roots. Diosgenin was shown to occur in A. racemosus leaves.

Ayurvedic Properties: Guna: Guru, Snigdha; Rasa: Madhura, Tikta; Veerya: Sheeta; Vipaka: Madhura; Dosha: Vatapittahara; Karma: Rasayana, Vayasthapana, Stanya, Balya, Medhya.

Clinical Usage: Its cooling and demulcent action (Pittahara and Sheeta Veerya) makes it an ideal Amala-pittahara (useful in Dyspepsias / Acidity) and Dahahara (useful in neurosis/ Peripheral neuritis) drug.

The plant has been used in Ayurveda for various conditions. It is also used as a general tonic and is used in many rejuvenating formulations.

Pharmacology (Extra): The plant’s action as a galactogogue has been reported. In a recent study by Sharma et. al. Shatavari was shown to possess anabolic properties viz. growth promotion. The authors also consider the plant as an adaptogenic substance.

(3)Indian Name: Guduchi

Amruta English Name: Tinospora runner Botanical Name: Tinospora cordifolia
Parts Used: Root, stem, leaves and satwa (starch).
Phytochemistry: Different constituents reported include a glucoside, alkaloids, bitter principles, crystalline components, etc. The glycoside - giloin, and a non-glucosidegilenin and gilosterol have been found. The bitter principles has been identified as columbin, chasmanthin and palmarin. The alkaloid tinosporin, tinosporic acid and tinosporol have been identified in leaves, which are rich in proteins, calcium and phosphorus. Protoberberine alkaloids are found as trace components in many plants of Tinospora spp.

Ayurvedic Properties: Guna: Laghu, Snigdha; Rasa: Kashaya, Tikta; Veerya: Ushna; Vipaka: Madhura; Dosha: Doshagna, Vataghna, Tridoshagna; Karma: Deepaniya, Trishanigrahan, Stanyashodhan, Rasayana, Jwarahara.

Clinical Usage: Guduchi promotes the tissue repair which helps maintain tissue regeneration potential of body physiology. It is also considered to be an excellent immuno-modulator, hepato-biliary regulator, febrifuge, alterative, eliminator of endo-toxins and corrective in metabolic errors including diabetes.

On account of the Sheeta guna (cooling property), anti-inflammatory and healing promoter properties, Guduchi is highly regarded in formulating anti-ulcer and antacid formulations. Amruta-Sattwa a very special form of Guduchi. Bark extract holds a prime position in the treatment of chronic dyspepsias in Ayurveda.

(4)Indian Name: Vrikshamla / Kokum
English Name: Kokum Butter Tree
Botanical Name: Garcinia indica
Parts Used : Concrete oil, seeds, fruit, bark and young leaves.

Phytochemistry: Fruits contain about 30% acid. The principal acid in the fruit rind is (-) - Hydroxycitric acid. Garcinia contains flavonoids in the leaf, stembark, and heartwood. Lipids commonly are concentrated in the fruits and seeds. The rind has xanthones, a class of compounds related to flavonoids. Hydroxycitric acid has two pairs of diasteroisomers viz (-)Hydroxycitric acid, (+)Hydro- xycitric acid ,(-) - allo-Hydroxycitric acid and (+)-allo-hydroxycitric acid. The isolation of Garcinol and its colourless isomer, Isogarcinol has been reported from the fruit rind of Garcinia indica. The fresh red ripe fruits of Kokum contains anthocy- anin pigments viz. Cyanidin-3-gluoside and Cyanidin-3-samb- ubioside.

Ayurvedic Properties: Guna: Laghu, Ruksha; Rasa: Sour (Amla), Sweet and Sour (Ripe fruit); Veerya: Ushna (Hot); Vipaka: Sour (Amla); Dosha: Kapha-Vata Shamak; Karma: Vranaropak( Healing properties), TrushnaNigraha, Rochan, Dipana (Appetiser), Grahi, Yakrututtejaka, Vatanulomana (Carminative), Hrudya (Cardiotonic), Twakdoshhara, Jwaraghna, Dahaprashamana (Cooling), Sandh- aniya, Pittarechak (Cholagogue), demulcent, emollient and antias- corbutic, anthelmintic, nutritive.

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